eLearning models are conceptual explications that succor experts in designing and development of efficient learning and training content for eLearning courses and programs. These models are different from the general in-house learning theories because these eLearning samples are concerned with didactic concepts that bolster pedagogical practices or with the actual effective execution and delivery of these practices.
There are numerous eLearning templates out there, majority of which are based on socio-constructivism, which what Wikipedia says is- a sociological theory of knowledge according to which human development is socially situated and knowledge is constructed through interaction with others. Out of all the models present, there are three indispensable theories that are the most famous amongst all and are namely- The Community of Inquiry Model; the Conversational Framework and Computer Mediated Communication.
In this article, three of these models and theories will be discussed and evaluated in detail and we will get to know how these models serve as a solution and enhance the whole eLearning experience of an individual as well as of the organization concerned.
THE COMMUNITY OF INQUIRY MODEL:
In this model, learning is considered to be both an individual as well as a social activity. Each learner or student builds his or her understanding with an individual approach and reaffirm their perspectives to the standards, ethics, and knowledge of the society through social interaction with their batch mates. A community in this milieu is less built than a formal, ordered group, where the motive, goal or objective of the group, its membership, and the means of communication are predetermined and pre cogitated but is more structured than a group of companions or buddies in which there is neither a set goal nor a voluntary membership.
The effective execution of the Community of Inquiry Model calls for a confraternity in which there is a predefined shared goal, which at the same time does not stop the learners from following their own particular objectives.
THE CONVERSATIONAL FRAMEWORK:
Laurillard (in 2009) described the Conversational Framework as an integration of four concepts to pedagogy: instructionism, constructionism, socio-cultural learning, and collaborative learning. This model puts stress upon the concept of learning being a back and forth exchange of ideas. To be precise, this model emphasizes on the thought of ‘learning’ as a concept in which there is one on one interaction between the trainer and the trainee, and therefore there is a back and forth exchange of ideas. This model is not just confined to eLearning world models, but is applicable to in-house trainings also. The conversational framework model has a special position for its instructor or trainer or teacher, the reason being that he or she is the one who decides all the concepts, content and their designs for the exercises that are to be given to the students. Different means of communication like mobile phones, laptop, etc are used to lay down and execute the model of Conversational Framework in eLearning to make sure that a continued iteration between the teachers and students goes on.
COMPUTER MEDIATED COMMUNICATION:
The model of Computer Mediated Communication in eLearning and training is the one that solely puts stress upon text-based asynchronous communication between students and teachers, email and discussion councils. This type of communication, i.e. asynchronous communication and this model gives its students the solution and opportunities to construct knowledge, enhance their ideas and make the whole process of learning self-paced. Hence, we can say that Computer Mediated Communication is a one of a kind model that encourages the evolution and development of online education or custom eLearning models, all through exchange, organization as well as re-organization of ideas, according to the learners’ schedule.
In conclusion, we can say that Computer Mediated Communication supplements both the Conversational Framework and the Community of Inquiry Model by accentuating synergistic productive exercises between the students and trainers in the whole course of training and learning through eLearning programs. Integrating these three models in any custom eLearning program and its content can be a solution to help instructors or trainers bring out the best of its learners or trainees.